One of the easternmost cities in Indonesia, Merauke is located on the south coast, near the southernmost point of Irian Jaya, at the mouth of the Merauke River in Merauke Regency, Papua Province. Merauke was established in February 1902 as a military post by the Dutch. Today it has a population of around 49,000 and is the capital of Merauke Regency. All around Merauke there still exists large areas of unexplored forests, some of so dense they are almost impossible to penetrate. Southern Papua is home to two of Papua's most famous ethnic groups, the famous Asmat woodcarvers and the Korowai tree-house dwellers.